Top L-R: Don Wilson, Interlocking Forms, 1977; Patti Warashina, City Reflections, 2009; John Killmaster, Untitled, 1977; Bruce Conkle, Burls Will Be Burls, 2009; Bottom L-R: Mark Calderon, Floribunda, 1998; Mark R. Smith, Reading the Streets, 2009; Georgia Gerber, Animals in Pools, 1986; Nanda D’Agostino, Urban Hydrology, 2009
Public Art contributes to the region’s evolving and vibrant urban landscapes and RACC plays a key role
by acquiring and caring for publicly owned art in the greater Portland area. Public Art staff manages the
Percent for Art programs for the City of Portland and Multnomah County and is the steward for
their respective public art collections. In addition to, and in support of these central tasks, the
Public Art Program maintains digital and database inventories; circulates the Portable Works
Collection; oversees siting of permanent works; maintains the collection; considers gifts and
memorials; works with private developers through the Floor Area Ration Bonus Program;
contracts with public and private entities regionally and nationally for public art management
services, and offers workshops and presentations to artists, schools and the general public.
The Public Art Advisory Committee (PAAC) is the standing committee of the RACC Board that
oversees Public Art Program policies, setting goals and providing curatorial guidance for the
selection, placement and maintenance of works of art acquired through the Percent for Art
Program and other public/private programs. Membership includes no more than two RACC
board members, the RACC designee on the Design Commission, and 6-8 arts professionals who
are artists, architects, landscape architects, or individuals with considerable experience in the
visual arts. Members serve 3-year terms with one 18-month appointment reserved, when
possible, for an artist with public art experience. Meetings are held monthly. The RACC Board
approves the recommendations for project artists and policies presented by the PAAC.
The purpose of the Public Art Program is to integrate a wide range of art into public
spaces in the community and reflect the diversity of artistic disciplines, and points of view. The
program promotes education about public art through its collection and related programming;
raises the public’s awareness of their environment; and, expands the region’s knowledge and
understanding of the arts.
WAYS OF ACQUIRING ART
The various ways in which artwork becomes part of the
City/County public collections is dependent upon funding sources – either public or private. The
public art program facilitates processes that result in both temporary and permanent artworks
that can be found indoors or on the streets.
PERCENT FOR ART PROGRAMS—PUBLIC FUNDING
Permanent Work. Artworks acquired for City/County locations can be permanently
sited and are often site specific works that respond directly to the function, history, use
and/or architecture of a site. RACC manages the entire process from selection through
installation and is responsible for the ongoing maintenance.
Portable Works. RACC facilitates the acquisition, siting and installation of two and
three-dimensional small scale artworks for the City of Portland and Multnomah County.
Works are installed on a rotating basis in publicly accessibly spaces in City and County
Public Art Residencies intersections, an artist-in-residence program is designed to
explore the “art of work” and the “work of art”. It encourages artists in all disciplines to
explore new working methods and develop socially engaging, interactive art experiences
with city/county agencies. Artists are selected to work within specific city/county
bureaus/agencies (e.g., Portland Fire and Rescue, Multnomah County Health
Department, Multnomah County Juvenile Justice Center) and to create permanent or
temporary artworks based on their experiences.
TEMPORARY PUBLIC ART PROGRAMS
In the mid-1990’s, at the urging of local artists, RACC began offering opportunities for
temporary art works which enable artists to address timely issues, experiment with scale,
and experiment with a wide range of inexpensive and impermanent materials.
Since 1994, the Installation Space in the Portland Building has hosted more than 200
month-long art installations by regional artists. A new Installation Space is located on the
second floor of the renovated building, reopened in 2020. The program provides employees and the
general public with diverse and challenging art experiences, encourages dialogue about the
role of art in public spaces, and gives artists an alternative, non-commercial space to create
a site specific installation. Funding is provided by RACC’s General Fund.
PUBLIC ART MURALS PROGRAM
The Public Art Murals Program was adopted by City Council in December 2004 in response
to a 1999 Multnomah County Circuit Court ruling that determined it was unconstitutional
for the City to distinguish between signs and murals. At the time, murals were limited to 200
square feet unless the artist or business owner paid for a variance, which seriously impeded
the creation of new murals in the City. Under the Public Art Murals Program, all exterior
murals must be reviewed by the PAAC. Limited funding is available for qualified applicants
as a one-to-one match, and the RACC Board must approve all funding of murals
recommended by the Public Art Advisory Committee. Funding is provided by the City of
VISUAL CHRONICLE OF PORTLAND
The Visual Chronicle of Portland is a city-owned collection of works on paper – prints,
photographs, paintings and drawings – that focuses on artists’ views of the city’s social and
urban landscapes. The intent of the collection is to reveal Portland’s distinctive personalities
as seen and interpreted by artists in the region. Started in 1985, the collection now holds
258 works by 153 artists. A selection committee of artists and curators serve 3-year terms
and recommend annual purchases based on the criteria set forth for the collection. The
works are exhibited in City and County facilities. Lake Oswego, Beaverton, and Boise, Idaho
have developed similar collections for their communities. Funding is provided by RACC’s
PUBLIC ART PROGRAMS—PRIVATE FUNDING
in situ PORTLAND is a program of temporary outdoor public art installations whose purpose is
to place challenging temporary art in the public that will serve as a catalyst for dialogue
about art and/or contemporary issues. The program is funded with developers’
contributions through the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) Bonus Program, a provision in the
Central City Code (policy available on RACC’s website). Developers receive a zoning
bonus in exchange for providing artworks that are accessible to the public.
RACC reviews all potential gifts to the City or County and oversees the acceptance of the
gifts, insuring that they are appropriate to both location and use in the City of Portland
and Multnomah County. Either existing or commissioned work may be considered.
Prospective donors must abide by an established review process. The PAAC
recommends acceptance of any gifts to the RACC Board.
MEMORIALS IN PARKS
In 2004, Portland Parks and Recreation (PP&R) adopted an Administrative Rule related
to process and criteria for accepting gifts and memorials destined for a Portland park.
RACC is an active participant in the review process, advises PP&R on process, and
approves the artwork.
CARING FOR THE COLLECTIONS
Collections Management. RACC organizes and manages the information and disposition of all
objects for which it has permanently or temporarily assumed responsibility. This
includes developing, maintaining and enforcing collection policies and procedures that
address the care, handling, placement and storage of artwork in a professional manner.
Collections documentation includes such information as: inventory, acquisition records,
incident reports, condition reports, legal ownership papers and histories, artist
biographies, location histories and photographic images.
Deaccessioning. As part of RACC’s Collection Management responsibilities, artworks identified
as meeting certain criteria are occasionally removed from the public collection following
a careful and impartial evaluation of the artwork within the context of the collection.
The PAAC forwards recommendations for deaccessioning to the RACC Board for
approval. The criteria for deaccessioning are outlined in the Percent for Art Guidelines.
Conservation and Maintenance. RACC is responsible for the care and maintenance of all
artwork owned by the City of Portland and Multnomah County. Maintenance
technicians provide routine and emergency maintenance for the collection. Each
summer techs assess and/or clean outdoor sculptures. RACC cares for approximately
140 outdoor sculptures in the Portland Metropolitan area, approximately 260 indoor
site specific artworks, as well as the 1000+ portable works.
PUBLIC EDUCATION AND OUTREACH
Workshops/Walking Tours/Website. In concert with RACC’s outreach efforts, the Public Art
Program offers workshops for artists that focus on applying for public art commissions,
fabricating public art, and learning about creating public murals. There’s a wide range of
opportunities to learn about the region’s public art: staff presentations to schools as
well as tour groups such as the Urban Tour Group; a free public art walking tour
brochure available at multiple downtown locations or as a download from RACC’s
website; and, on RACC’s website artists can find out where their artwork is located, the
general public can find an artist’s work, and everyone can see images of the artwork.
Public Art Gallery. The Public Art Gallery is located on the second floor of the Portland
Building and provides a comprehensive overview of the region’s public art. The gallery
features examples of the Artistic Process, Architectural Integration and Design Team
Opportunities, Art in the Landscape, Art in the Neighborhood, Art in Transit and
Temporary Public Art as well as information on Portlandia and Michael Graves, the
building’s architect. Other displays focus on the Visual Chronicle of Portland,
gifts/donations, tributes, maintenance and re-siting. Gallery hours are Monday through
Friday 8:00 AM to 5:30 PM; closed on weekends and holidays. The gallery is free and
open to the public.
PUBLIC ART MANAGEMENT CONTRACTS
RACC offers public art management services to private and public clients. These contracts
produce earned income and exposure for the public art program. Clients have included Tri-Met,
Metro Regional Government, the Oregon Zoo, the Oregon Convention Center, the city of
Oregon City, Gresham Center for the Arts Foundation, the Expo Center, Doernbecher Children’s
Hospital, Port of Portland, Lewis and Clark College, Columbia Villa (Housing Authority of
Portland), Friends of Tryon Creek, Mary Bridge Children’s Hospital (Tacoma), St. Peter’s Hospital
(Olympia), Legacy Salmon Creek Hospital (WA), Denver Children’s Hospital, Providence Cancer
Center (Portland) and public art plans for Chattanooga (TN), Roanoke (VA), Richland (WA), and
Coeur d’Alene (ID).
1980 Multnomah County passes 1% for art ordinance
1980 City of Portland passes 1% for art ordinance
1985 Multnomah County adds .33% for maintenance, administration and public
1988 Following A River, a plan for public art in Portland, adopted as part of the Central
City plan 1988 Bonus Program for Private Developers adopted for Central City
1989 City of Portland adds .33% as above, expands scope to include more capital
improvement projects and institutes Public Art Trust Fund
1990 Multnomah County expands scope to include purchase price of existing
buildings, EXPO Center, and new parks fund
1994 Blank Wall Guidelines adopted for developers to consider public art as an
alternative to meeting the City of Portland Building Code’s ground floor window
requirements for new construction and major renovations
1994 City of Portland adopts public art policy for the Bureaus of Environmental
Services and Water Works
1995 Metropolitan Arts Commission becomes the Regional Arts & Culture Council, a
non-profit regional arts agency
2004 City of Portland adopts Public Art Mural Program
2005 City of Portland passes 2% ordinance
2008 Multnomah County passes 2% ordinance
REGIONAL PUBLIC ART ORDINANCES
1985 Beaverton passes 1% for art ordinance to be administered by the Beaverton Arts
1987 Metropolitan Service District passes 1% for art ordinance to be administered by
the Metropolitan Arts Commission
1987 Portland Public Schools passes 1% for art ordinance (effective for three years) to
be administered by the Metropolitan Arts Commission
1994 Lake Oswego passes 1.5% for art ordinance to be administered by the Lake
Oswego Arts Commission
1994 Gresham sets aside 1.33% for a public art program for the new Gresham City
Hall administered by the Regional Arts & Culture Council
1997 Tri-Met passes resolution to establish agency-wide public art program
2008 City of Beaverton adopts a Public Art Mural Program
2008 City of Hillsboro adopts a Public Art Master Plan